Eesti keeles

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TEKsaurus query

Estonian Wordnet can be browsed in Teksaurus or WordTies.

What is wordnet?

The atom of a wordnet-type thesaurus is a synonym set (also called a synset), which is a set containing all the synonymous words or multi-word units that express the same concept. All words in a synset belong into the same part of speech. In the simplest case, such set contains only one word, i.e. that word does not have any synonyms (the corresponding concept can be expressed by only one word).

The synsets are connected by links which correspond to semantic or lexical relations between concepts. The most important relations are hyponymy and hypernymy, but also meronymy, holonymy, antonymy, cause, role, derivational relations are marked.

What is Estonian Wordnet (EstWN)?

Estonian Wordnet is based on the wordnet theory and we have closely followed the principles adopted in the Princeton WordNet and EuroWordNet projects.

EstWN currently (October 2018) contains about 86,000 concepts (about 139,000 words) which is held in place by 239,000 relations. The work is still in progress.

EstWN includes nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs, as well as a set of multiword units. All concepts are also linked via InterLingualIndex (ILI) with English (Princeton WordNet).

Experiments done in Word Sense Disambiguation of real texts have shown that the senses of the main vocabulary of Estonian have been included in EstWN.

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Semantic relations

Link name in EWNExplanationExample
antonymhas antonym'lubama' (to allow) has antonym 'keelama' (to forbid)
be_in_stateis in state of'värv, värvus' (color) is in state of 'värviline' (colorful)
belongs_to_classbelongs to class used to link word instance to word meaning'Aleksander' belongs to class 'mees' (man)
causescauseslubama (to permit) causes luba (permission)
fuzzynymis somehow connected tokord, puhk (time) is somehow connected to moment (moment)
has_holo_locationis part of a placeülikool (university) is part of a place ülikoolilinn (campus)
has_holo_madeofis material ofpuit (wood) is material of puu (tree)
has_holo_memberis member ofliige (member) is member of kollektiiv (staff)
has_holo_partis part ofkoht (place) is part of ruum (room)
has_holo_portionis a portion ofmõte (thought) is a portion of mõttetegevus (thinking)
has_holonymis part ofühik (unit) is part of hulk (amount)
has_hyperonymis a way of [v]; is a kind of [n]lubama (to allow) is a way of soostuma (to agree); volitus (mandate) is a kind of luba (permission)
has_hyponymhas a way [v]; has a special kind [n]soostuma (to agree) has a way lubama (to allow); luba (permission) has a special kind volitus (mandate)
has_instancehas instancemees (man) has instance Aleksander
has_mero_locationa part of place isülikoolilinn (campus) a part of place is ülikool (university)
has_mero_madeofhas part of (material)puu (tree) has part of (material) puit (wood)
has_mero_membera member iskollektiiv (staff) a member is liige (member)
has_mero_parthas partruum (room) has part koht (place)
has_mero_portionüks annus onmõttetegevus (thinking) üks annus on mõte (thought)
has_meronymhas parthulk (amount) has part ühik (unit)
has_subeventhas subeventotsustama (to judge) has subevent arvama (to believe, think)
has_xpos_hyperonymis a way of, is a kind of (used to link different parts of speech)taotlema (to apply) is a kind of suhtlus (communication)
has_xpos_hyponymone way is (used to link different parts of speech)suhtlus (communication) one way is mõjutama (to influence)
involvedinvolvedpüsima (to stay) involved seisund (condition); teavet andma (inform) involved informatsioon (information)
involved_agentinvolved agentkõnelema (to speak) involved agent kõneleja (speaker)
involved_instrumentinvolved instrumentkäskima (to order) involved instrument mõjujõud (influence)
involved_locationinvolved locationasuma (to situate) involved location koht, paik (location)
involved_patientinvolved patienträäkima (to speak) involved patient kuulaja (listener)
involved_target_directioninvolved target directionminema (to go) involved target direction koht (location)
is_caused_byis caused byluba (permission) is caused by lubama (to permit)
is_subevent_ofis subevent ofarvama (believe, think) is subevent of otsustama (to judge)
near_antonymhas near antonymsaabuma (to come) peaaegu has near antonym minema (to go)
near_synonymhas near synonymkatma (to cover) has near synonym varjama (to hide)
roleplays a roleteadmine (knowledge) plays a role teadma (to know)
role_agentplays a role as agentkõneleja (speaker) plays a role as agent kõnelema (to speak)
role_instrumentplays a role as instrumentmeelitus (temptation) plays a role as instrument ahvatlema (to allure, tempt)
role_locationplays a role as locationkoht, paik (place) plays a role as location asuma (to be, occupy a certain position)
role_patientplays a role as patientarv (number) plays a role as patient korrutama (to multiply)
role_target_directionplays a role as target directionkoht (place) plays a role as target direction minema (to go)
state_ofstate ofvärviline (colorful) state of värv, värvus (color)
xpos_fuzzynymis somehow connected toõis (blossom [n]) is somehow connected to õitsema (to blossom [v])
xpos_near_antonymis almost antonymküsimus (question) is almost antonym vastama (to answer [v])
xpos_near_synonymis almost synonymliikuma (move) is almost synonym kulgemine (locomotion)

Lexical sources

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Staff

Former participants: Riin Kirt, Andrus Karjus, Marju Taukar, Kaisa Hunt, Nele Salveste, Olga-Anniki Villem, Maarja-Liisa Pilvik

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